In patients with sickle cell anemia, preoperative transfusion therapy should be used to increase hemoglobin levels to 10 g/dL. Rapid initiation of opioids for the treatment of severe pain associated with a vasoocclusive crisis. Use of analgesics and physical therapy for the treatment of avascular necrosis.
Vaso-occlusion in SCD
Healthy red blood cells are soft, round and flexible. Sickled red blood cells are sticky and hard and can block blood flow.
Detailed Concepts regarding (SCD)
A blood test can check for hemoglobin S — the defective form of hemoglobin that underlies sickle cell anemia. In the United States, this blood test is part of routine newborn screening done at the hospital. But older children and adults can be tested, too.